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Lance was the spear used by horsemen. The lance consisted of four parts: the shaft, truncheon or staff; the head; the vamplate and the grate or grapper. Some of the lances were huge in size. For example the tilting lance was very large and heavy as it was almost 5 inches in diameter. Other lances were much lighter. These were usually ribbed to increase stiffness. The lances used for jousting had blunt tips. The conical guard on the lance was called the vamplate. It was adopted in 14th century.

History of Arms and Armor | Arms and Armor Glossary


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